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Prostate Cancer: Symptoms and Treatment

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Prostate Cancer. Symptoms and Treatment

Prostate cancer is a common cancer affecting middle-aged and older men.

A particular danger of the disease lies in the fact that in the early stages it is asymptomatic.

As a rule, the tumor manifests itself at the 2nd or 3rd stage of development, during the examination by the urologist-andrologist.

During this period, she begins to put pressure on the prostate and be probed. It should be noted that more than 14% of malignant neoplasms detected in men are prostate cancer.

The best way to prevent illness is to have regular check-ups with a specialist.

This disease is also called adenocarcinoma of the prostate. It develops from connective tissue or glandular epithelial cells.

The main danger of the disease is that in the early stages it actually never goes beyond the prostate and does not manifest itself.

The first signs of oncology occur when the tumor mass increases, because it compresses the urethra and prevents the normal outflow of urine.

It is very important not to delay this disease, one of the most effective ways to fight is prostate cancer treatment in Germany.

If the neoplasm is not treated, it will grow through the capsule and metastasize to other organs.

To get rid of the disease, it is important to seek medical help in time.

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Consider the prognosis for five-year survival of patients depending on the stage of the disease:

  • The first is above 90%.
  • The second is 80%.
  • Third – 40%.
  • Fourth – 15%.

The sooner you seek help, the lower the risk of recurrence of the disease and severe consequences.

Causes of the disease and risk factors

There is no definite reason for the development of this oncological disease, but most often it is due to chronic conditions that undermine the functioning of internal organs and provoke disorders in the cellular structure.

We list the phenomena that most often precede prostate cancer:

  1. Prostatitis, which provokes a lack of oxygen and impaired blood circulation in the prostate gland.
  2. Prostate adenoma, which promotes the growth of mutating cells that should not be in the gland.
  3. Hormonal disruptions, due to which the concentration of male sex hormones, including testosterone and androstenedione, increases significantly.

IMPORTANT!

Not every man’s changes in the prostate necessarily turn into cancer. The situation is aggravated by risk factors, which include: unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, smoking, exposure to cadmium, sexually transmitted infections and diseases, and heredity.

Prostate cancer Symptoms

At an early stage, the pathology does not make itself felt, and the doctor can detect it by chance by sending the patient to donate blood for PSA.

The first signs of the disease become noticeable when the prostate enlarges and presses on sensitive nerve endings.

A man suffering from an illness experiences the following problems:

  • Dysfunction of urination, manifested by an intermittent stream of urine, increased urge to visit the toilet (15-20 times a day), etc.
  • The need to tighten the abdominal muscles in order to fully urinate.
  • Intense pain in the pubis and perineum.
  • The appearance of kidney stones due to difficulty urinating, the expansion of the renal pelvis and ureter.
  • In the later stages, the symptoms of PCa become even more painful and unpleasant.

Patients complain to the doctor about:

  • The appearance of drops of blood in the seminal material and urine. This indicates damage to the vessels of the genitourinary system.
  • Severe and painful swelling of the scrotum, penis, lower extremities. Such complaints are associated with the germination of metastases in the tissues of the lymph nodes.
  • Inability to defecate normally, constipation, abdominal pain. A similar phenomenon indicates that metastases have affected the rectum.

Of course, such a symptomatology cannot appear at once, it has been growing for several years.

A single symptom alone cannot unequivocally indicate cancer, but it is best to consult a specialist and get tested.

Why is it important to see a doctor early?

Many people stubbornly deny their health problems and are in no hurry to see a specialist, even if they understand that the signs are alarming.

But the good news is that this disease is successfully treated, provided that it is diagnosed at an early stage.

Most men diagnosed with this type of cancer, provided they receive qualified medical care, recover.

Remember that going to the doctor, undergoing examination and treatment is:

  • Getting rid of a malignant and aggressive tumor.
  • Restoration of the function of urination.
  • Absence of pain in the perineum and pubis.
  • The ability to have a normal sex life and live long.

Prostate Cancer Treatments

The optimal method of treatment is selected depending on the stage of the disease, the presence of concomitant pathologies, age, etc.

Speaking about surgical intervention, we note that the most modern and effective method is laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

It prevents major blood loss and helps the surgeon to clearly see the operating area on the screen.

Another significant advantage is the ability to preserve the patient’s potency.

Another effective method of surgical treatment is transurethral resection, the essence of which is that not the entire tumor is removed, but part of the prostate.

This solves the problem of outflow of urine. Patients are discharged 7-9 days after the intervention.

Prostate Cancer Prevention: Tips

The best way to treat any disease is prevention. It will help reduce the risk of pathology and improve the quality of your life.

Firstly, it is important to normalize the diet, excluding fatty meats from it.

Other recommendations of our experts to help prevent a dangerous condition:

  • Leading a healthy lifestyle. Make it a rule to do exercises every morning, as well as walk in the fresh air for at least 40 minutes a day.
  • Try to get enough sleep and avoid stress, as these factors lead to a weakened immune system.
  • Have a regular sex life to prevent congestion in the prostate.
  • Regularly undergo a medical examination by a urologist-andrologist.

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