(CTN News) – Millions of people worldwide suffer from dengue fever, a viral infection spread by mosquitoes.
An advanced dengue infection can pose a life-threatening threat in some cases.
For public health, it is imperative to recognize the distinction between dengue and severe dengue and to understand how to prevent and treat these conditions. The following are essential insights into the fundamental facts of these diseases.
In what way does dengue fever affect the body?
Virus-borne dengue fever is transmitted primarily through mosquito bites by Aedes mosquitoes infected with the virus.
In addition to severe headaches, high fever, muscle pain, rashes, and, occasionally, mild bleeding, dengue fever presents a wide range of symptoms. Dengue fever usually follows a mild and self-limiting course with symptoms subsiding within a week.
What is the severity of the dengue virus?
Depending on the strain of dengue virus, the individual’s age, overall health, and access to medical care, the severity of dengue virus can vary widely.
Dengue fever is generally characterized as a mild or moderate illness. It can, however, be life-threatening if the disease is severe.
An intensified and potentially life-threatening variant of dengue is severe dengue. An accelerated pulse, severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and fast and shallow breathing are all symptoms.
Serious dengue can lead to dengue shock syndrome, characterized by a sudden drop in blood pressure that can be fatal.
A previous dengue infection increases the risk of developing severe dengue if reinfected with a different dengue virus serotype.
Can you tell me what the four stages of dengue fever are?
There are four stages of dengue fever, each characterized by a unique set of symptoms:
1. The febrile phase lasts from two to seven days during the early stages of dengue fever. An acute fever of 104 degrees Fahrenheit is the most common symptom. A rash, severe headaches, and pain behind the eyes are also common symptoms.
2. Critical phase: Some individuals enter a critical phase after a febrile phase, usually when the fever subsides. Dengue usually progresses to severe dengue during this phase, which lasts one to two days.
3. Leakage of plasma into surrounding tissues occurs during this phase as the blood vessels become more permeable. There can be symptoms like a sudden drop in blood pressure, fluid accumulation, and shock as a result.
4. The recovery phase involves increased urination as the leaked fluids are reabsorbed into the body.
Although patients usually start to feel better, fatigue and weakness may persist for a long time.
Dengue fever does not always progress to severe dengue. There is a mild and self-limiting nature to dengue disease, with symptoms resembling those of a febrile illness.
The key, however, is to recognize warning signs and seek immediate medical attention to prevent severe dengue.
In order to prevent dengue, what is the best treatment?
Controlling the mosquito vectors and taking protective measures are the keys to preventing dengue and severe dengue.
Eliminate mosquito breeding sites around your home by removing stagnant water, using mosquito nets, and installing screens.
The tropical and subtropical regions are particularly vulnerable to dengue and severe dengue. It is essential to distinguish between these diseases, identify their symptoms, and implement preventative measures in order to fight them effectively.