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Australian Iconic Monolith “Uluru” Closes Permanently

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While the rock had been known as Uluru for thousands of years, British-born explorer William Gosse was credited with discovering it in 1873 and named it Ayers Rock after the then-premier of the British colony of South Australia, Sir Henry Ayers.

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The last climbers on Uluru made their descent on Friday and a crowd of locals cheered as a sign announcing the “permanent closure” to climbers was erected at the base of the iconic Australian monolith.

Climbing Uluru will be illegal as of Saturday, with trespassers to face fines and possible legal action.

The closure comes after the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Board of Management in 2017 voted unanimously to end climbing on the country’s most photographed natural monument following decades of campaigning by its traditional owners, the indigenous Anangu people, who regard it as a sacred site.

Anangu elder Nelly Patterson was present for the official closure and said the moment made her feel “really happy”.

“I was worrying all the time (when) lots of people climbed, making a mess with the toilet and rubbish,” she said. “Today the climb closes. Thank you so much,” she said to more cheers.

Nature seemed to be siding with the demand for Uluru to be respected as a sacred site as high winds threatened to prematurely end the generations-old tradition.

Rangers warned hundreds of anxious tourists who gathered at the base of the iconic rock before dawn that they would miss their last opportunity to ever scale its 348-metre summit unless blustery conditions subsided.

But the winds calmed and the first of around 1,000 climbers began their ascent at a chain handhold up the steep western face three hours later than scheduled. An indigenous onlooker booed them.

Final Climb of Uluru

The ascent was permanently closed to climbers late in the afternoon, while those already on the rock had until sunset to find their way down.

Janet Ishikawa flew from her Hawaiian home to central Australia to make the climb on the final possible day. She likened the Uluru controversy to a furor over plans to build a giant telescope on Hawaii’s highest peak, which protesters consider sacred.

“It’s a total overreaction. All of a sudden they want to take ownership of all this stuff,” Ishikawa said. “They say you shouldn’t climb because of all this sacred stuff. I can still respect it and climb it.”

The ban has divided both indigenous Australians as well as the wider world.

The polarity of opinions has been highlighted in recent months as thousands of visitors converged on the landmark to make a final trek to the top. Tourists have been illegally camping on roadsides for kilometres because the local camping ground and accommodation were booked.

Sammy Wilson, an Anangu tribal member and chairman of the board that banned the climb, described the prohibition as a cause for celebration.

“If I travel to another country and there is a sacred site, an area of restricted access, I don’t enter or climb it, I respect it,” he said. “It is the same here for Anangu. We welcome tourists here. We are not stopping tourism, just this activity.”

Uluru a Sacred Site

There has long been tension within the indigenous population around the money that climbers bring and the rock’s significance as a sacred site.

“I am happy and sad, two ways,” said Kevin Cooley, a resident of the Mutitjulu indigenous community in the rock’s shadow who collects the Uluru tourists’ garbage. He fears that tourist numbers and the local economy will decline.

The biggest drop in foreign visitors could be the Japanese who have proven to be the most committed climbers. Signs around the rock have long discouraged climbing, describing Uluru as a “place of great knowledge” and noting that Anangu traditional law prohibits climbing.

The proportion of visitors who climb has been steadily declining, with more than four in five respecting the Anangu’s wishes in recent years.

The Anangu refer to tourists as munga, or ants. The analogy was clearest in recent weeks with queues forming long before the climb opens at 7am each day at the base of the rock’s steep western face. From there, an eclectic mix of climbers begin their ascents in narrow columns.

Prominent indigenous academic Marcia Langton reacted to the stream of climbers with a tweet: “A curse will fall on all of them.”

“They will remember how they defiled this sacred place until they die and history will record their contempt for Aboriginal culture,” Langton added.

World Heritage-Listed Land Form

 

Minister for Indigenous Australians Ken Wyatt said he was disappointed by the final rush to climb the rock, which is renowned for its changing colours with the seasons and the time of day.

“It would be equivalent to having a rush of people climbing over the Australian War Memorial, if I can be so brazen in that regard, because sacred objects, community by community, are absolutely important in the story of that nation of people,” said Wyatt, who is indigenous.

At least 37 climbers have died, mostly from medical events, since 1948, when the first road was built in the hope of attracting tourists. Every death causes the Anangu anguish.

Denying climbers access to the World Heritage-listed land form is part of an evolution of the Australian narrative since British colonisation that has traditionally edited out the original inhabitants.

While the rock had been known as Uluru for thousands of years, British-born explorer William Gosse was credited with discovering it in 1873 and named it Ayers Rock after the then-premier of the British colony of South Australia, Sir Henry Ayers.

In 1993, it became the first official dual-named feature in the Northern Territory when it was renamed “Ayers Rock/Uluru.” The order of the names was reversed a decade later at the request of regional tourism operators.

But the tourist accommodation nearest Uluru retains the name Ayers Rock Resort, in deference to the monetary value of the international brand recognition that has built up around it.

Grant Hunt, chief executive of Ayres Rock Resort operator Voyages Indigenous Tourism Australia, dismissed predictions of a significant decline in tourism. He said bookings in November after the climb’s closure were at a record high, with around 95% occupancy booked for the first three weeks.

“The travelling public have become much more culturally mature than they were 20 years ago,” Hunt said. “Most people expect this and in fact want it to happen.”

Source: News Agencies