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What are the 6 Elements of HRM?



What are the 6 Elements of HRM?

Human resource management (HRM) is a vital part of any successful organization. There are six elements of HRM that are essential for the effective management of employees. In this blog, we will discuss these six elements in detail.

What is Human Resource Management?

Human resource management (HRM) is an organizational function responsible for managing the company’s workforce. It involves planning, recruitment, selection, training, development, compensation, and retention of employees to achieve organizational goals.

HRM ensures an organization has the right people with the right skills and competencies to perform their jobs effectively. It also ensures compliance with labor laws and regulations, promotes employee engagement and satisfaction, and fosters a positive work culture.

The 6 Elements of HRM

Recruitment and Selection

Recruitment and selection are the first and most crucial elements of HRM. The process involves identifying the job requirements, sourcing candidates, screening and shortlisting them, conducting interviews, and making job offers.

Recruitment and selection are critical for ensuring the organization hires the right people with the necessary skills, knowledge, and experience to perform the job.

The recruitment process should be fair, transparent, and unbiased to attract diverse candidates. The selection process should be based on objective factors such as qualifications, skills, and experience.

Hiring the right people ensures a talented workforce and enhances employee engagement and retention.

Training and Development

Training and development involves identifying the training needs of employees, designing and delivering training programs, and evaluating their effectiveness. Its goal is to enhance employees’ knowledge, skills, and abilities and improve their performance.

Training and development can take various forms, such as on-the-job training, classroom training, coaching, mentoring, and e-learning.

They should be aligned with the organization’s strategic goals and tailored to the employees’ needs. Effective training and development improve employee performance while increasing job satisfaction and motivation.

Performance Management

Performance Management includes setting performance expectations, monitoring employees’ performance, providing feedback, and rewarding or correcting performance. Its purpose is to align employees’ performance with the organization’s goals and objectives and improve their overall effectiveness.

Performance management involves various activities, such as setting goals and objectives, providing regular feedback, conducting performance appraisals, identifying development needs, and rewarding performance. It improves employees’ performance and enhances their job satisfaction and motivation.

Compensation and Benefits

Compensation and benefits are the fourth elements of HRM. It involves designing and implementing a compensation and benefits package that attracts, motivates, and retains employees. The compensation and benefits package includes base pay, incentives, bonuses, benefits, and perks.

The compensation and benefits package should be aligned with the organization’s goals and objectives and be competitive in the industry. It should also be fair, transparent, and consistent to ensure that employees are rewarded fairly for their performance and contribution.

A well-designed compensation and benefits package can attract and retain employees and motivate them to perform at their best.

Employee Relations

Employee relations involves managing the relationship between the organization and its employees. It aims to create a positive work environment that fosters trust, respect, and open communication.

Employee relations involve various activities, such as managing employee grievances, handling disciplinary actions, promoting diversity and inclusion, and creating a culture of teamwork and collaboration. Positive employee relations boost job satisfaction, motivation, and productivity, leading to organizational success.


Compliance is a sixth element of HRM that focuses on ensuring that an organization adheres to legal and regulatory requirements related to employment.

It involves creating policies, providing training, and monitoring compliance to minimize legal and financial risks while maintaining the organization’s reputation.

The ultimate goal of compliance is to prevent legal issues and ensure that the organization operates ethically and responsibly.


The six elements of HRM provide a framework for managing an organization effectively. Learning about them can help HR professionals ensure that their organization has the right people in the right roles, with the right skills and knowledge, performing at their best and contributing to the organization’s success.

If you’re looking to improve your HR knowledge, taking an HR management course is a great option. These courses cover the six essential elements of HRM and other critical HR concepts, practices, and techniques.

By enrolling in such a course, you’ll gain insights into the latest industry trends, sharpen your HR skills, and acquire a comprehensive understanding of HRM’s strategic and operational aspects. It can help you become a more effective HR professional and advance your career.

SEE ALSO: 5 Website Maintenance Hacks To Ensure Uninterrupted Online Success

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