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UK National Debt Projections: Report Warns of 300% GDP by 2070s Due to Major Challenges



UK National Debt Projections Report Warns of 300% GDP by 2070s Due to Major Challenges

(CTN News) – A recent report commissioned by the UK Treasury warns of a potential national debt reaching 300% of the country’s GDP by the 2070s.

The independent Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) has identified major challenges that national governments will face in the coming years, leading to a rapid succession of shocks.

With the national debt already hitting a 60-year high in May 2023, equivalent to 100% of the GDP, the report highlights the urgent need for proactive measures to address these fiscal risks.

The OBR’s Warnings:

The OBR’s fiscal risks and sustainability report cautions that the government’s current plans for stabilizing and reducing the national debt are relatively modest compared to historical and international standards.

This follows a warning from the watchdog in March, which predicted that the UK’s tax burden would soon reach its highest level since the Second World War by 2027/8.

Furthermore, the report predicts that state pension spending will rise by £23 billion in 2027/8 due to the retirement of the baby boomer cohort, while the increased adoption of electric vehicles is expected to result in a £13 billion annual loss in fuel duty revenue by 2030.

Factors Contributing to Rising Debt:

The report highlights three significant factors that threaten the UK’s public finances. Firstly, climate change presents economic challenges, requiring substantial mitigation and adaptation measures investments.

Secondly, defense expenditure remains a significant burden, necessitating careful budgeting to address evolving security threats. Lastly, the prolonged life expectancy of the population increases the cost of state pension provisions, further straining public finances.

Current Financial Burdens:

In addition to the challenges mentioned, the report underscores the impact of recent events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, ongoing cost of living support, and higher interest rates.

These factors have already placed a heavy burden on the public finances. The report also highlights the financial consequences of long-term sickness, projecting an additional £6.8 billion in benefit payments for this year alone.

Economic Contraction and Inflation:

Recent official figures for May reveal a contraction of 0.1% in the UK’s gross domestic product (GDP). Paradoxically, this momentary economic stagnation is seen as favorable by the government and the Bank of England due to their efforts to curb high inflation.

The central bank aims to reduce demand by raising interest rates, which has increased borrowing costs for taxpayers and mortgage holders. Inflation-linked bonds have further exacerbated the cost of servicing the existing debt.

Responsible Financial Decision-Making:

Chancellor Jeremy Hunt emphasizes the importance of debt reduction and responsible financial decisions to avoid exacerbating inflationary pressures. He acknowledges the need for difficult choices, including public sector pay, as additional borrowing can further fuel inflation.

However, Shadow Chancellor Rachel Reeves argues that the government has failed to take appropriate action in areas such as energy security, leaving the economy exposed.


The OBR’s report sheds light on the UK’s precarious fiscal situation, driven by challenges and shocks. While immediate burdens, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, energy prices, and rising interest rates, have contributed to significant government borrowing, long-term risks such as climate change and an aging population further threaten the nation’s finances.

The government faces the daunting task of managing these challenges while working towards debt reduction and economic stability. With opposing viewpoints on the best path forward, the UK’s future economic and financial security remains a critical issue.

Arsi Mughal is a staff writer at CTN News, delivering insightful and engaging content on a wide range of topics. With a knack for clear and concise writing, he crafts articles that resonate with readers. Arsi's pieces are well-researched, informative, and presented in a straightforward manner, making complex subjects accessible to a broad audience. His writing style strikes the perfect balance between professionalism and casual approachability, ensuring an enjoyable reading experience.

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