Thailand placed in the bottom five out of 47 countries ranked for privacy protection, according to a study by Comparitech.A website that researches and compares technology services.
Thailand and Malaysia posted scores of 2.6 out of 5, trailed only by India (2.4), Russia (2.1) and China (1.8) in the first-time study, entitled “Surveillance States“.
Ireland ranked first with a score of 3.2, followed by Portugal, Norway, France and Denmark, all of which scored 3.1.
Comparitech assessed privacy protection and the state of surveillance in 47 countries. Determining which governments are failing to protect privacy.
The study took into account a number of categories, ranging from use of biometrics and CCTV to data-sharing and retention laws.
According to the website, biometrics are used and required for many day-to-day proceedings. Such as biometric checks when buying a SIM card.
Cyber Law Ends Privacy Protection
Thailand’s Computer Crimes Act lets Cyber police request computer data from service providers without a warrant, Comparitech said. With a warrant, they are able to request much more information.
Comparitech said many believe the new cybersecurity law “will be used by the government to silence critics.”
The Personal Data Protection Act was published in the Royal Gazette on May 28th. The Act is due to come into force a year later.
“It is hoped this will create Thailand’s very first consolidated data protection act. Citizens are being given a one-year grace period to adjust to these new laws,” Comparitech said. “Workplace monitoring and data retention policies should improve.”
Local cafes offering WiFi are now being forced to keep a log of customers’ browsing data for at least 90 days. According to the government, is intended to help identify users who might abuse the law.
Regarding dead-last China, Comparitech said the country’s privacy laws lack clear guidelines, making them difficult to enforce.
According to the website, China relies heavily on biometrics and artificial intelligence.
“For example, facial recognition cameras are now catching jaywalkers. It triggers a text message and sending their image to large screens to publicly shame them,” Comparitech said.
In addition, state intelligence has the power to request data from any organization or citizen. While surveillance cameras with facial recognition are now the norm in China.