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Labour Ministry tries to Eliminate the Worst forms of Child Labour



Young girl without shoes working to survive, child labour, Aranyaprathet, Thailand. Photographer: Paul Picasso


CHIANGRAI TIMES – The Labour Ministry plans to declare a list of jobs considered too dangerous for children in the hope that the US will remove Thailand from a watch list.

The move aims mainly to eliminate the worst forms of child labour, said Labour Minister Padermchai Sasomsap yesterday.

The ministry will work with non-governmental organisations to draft a dangerous work list and forward it to the cabinet for approval, he said.

The drafting of the dangerous work list will be based on the child labour sections of the Labour Protection Act 1998, the Child Protection Act 2003, the International Labour Organisation’s Convention No.182 and the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention 1999, said Mr Padermchai.

A night shift job from 10pm to 6am, working in a slaughterhouse, working in an illegal gambling parlour, working on a scaffold 10m above the ground or higher and working on a fishing trawler are examples of dangerous jobs that children should be prohibited from doing. Working in certain adult entertainment venues such as discotheques and karaoke shops, production and supplying of fireworks or other explosive materials, working with boilers, begging for money, lewd shows, prostitution and drug trafficking are also considered dangerous for children.

The other dangerous jobs are those that require a child to lift, carry or push heavy objects (maximum weight for girls is 20kg, 25kg for boys) and metal pressing.

Since 2009, the US has placed Thailand on its Tier 2 Watch List because of insufficient efforts to tackle and prosecute human trafficking gangs.

According to the latest Washington report about human trafficking, Thailand is a source, destination and transit country for men, women and children who are subjected to forced labour in the seafood processing industry, fishing and domestic work.

Most of the trafficking victims identified within Thailand are migrants from neighbouring countries.

The US also keeps a close watch on four main areas of work that have child labour problems. The areas it monitors are shrimp factories, garment factories in the border areas, agriculture and the illegal business of producing pornographic materials.

Anna Wong

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