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Surging Thai Baht Shattering Expats Dreams in Thailand

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Brian Maxey moved to Thailand from the United Kingdom expecting his pension to afford him an easy retirement. Instead, he’s finding it harder to meet his visa’s financial stipulations because of the strong thai baht.

The former aircraft technician easily bought a townhouse, pickup truck and motorcycle when he arrived two decades ago. Back then the pound bought about 60 baht, but now it fetches a little less than 38 baht.

“It was a cheap place to live then,” Maxey said in an interview Bloomberg. “It’s not anymore he says.”

The pressure on foreign pensioners is just one example of how the thai baht’s sharp appreciation. Its rippling through Thailand creating unrest with Thai and foreigners alike. The thai baht is the world’s top-performer against the dollar over five years. Export competitiveness is in danger and its put the economy on course for the weakest growth since 2014.

The government issued almost 80,000 retirement visas last year, a climb of 30% from 2014. To qualify, foreigners must show a deposit of Bt800,000 in a Thai bank. Or have a monthly income of Bt65,000, unless their married to a Thai. If married deposits are only Bt400,000 and monthly income is Bt 40,000.

Another route is to have income and deposits totaling 800,000 thai baht combined.

Britons accounted for the largest number of retirement visas in 2018, Immigration Bureau data shows. They were followed by Americans, Germans, Chinese and Swiss pensioners seeking affordable, sun-dappled golden years.

Once best known for crashing and sparking the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the baht is today seen as a haven by global investors. A trade surplus and annual foreign tourism receipts exceeding $60 billion underpin its resilience.

The thai baht has appreciated more than 6% against the dollar so far in 2019, the best performer in a basket of Asian economies tracked by Bloomberg.

It’s likely to stay resilient, said Masakatsu Fukaya, an emerging-market currency trader at Mizuho Bank in Tokyo. There could be more upward pressure if firms relocate production to Thailand to skirt US tariffs on China-made products, according to Fukaya.

Some pensioners are already voting with their feet, according to Niels Colov, who moved from Denmark about 40 years ago and helps to organize a club for expats in Pattaya.

“There’s an exodus of foreigners from this area to Vietnam, Cambodia and the Philippines,” he said. “We’re talking thousands of people.”

Some of those remaining may have to cut back spending, said Christian Foerster, an Austrian who retired to Thailand 20 years ago.

“There’s an enormous change,” he said. “Everything is more expensive. But it’s about adjusting, adapting and living modestly.”

At the same time, the cost of living in Thailand remains lower than in developed nations such as the United States or in Europe, and officials continue to promote it as a retirement destination.

Baht strength leaves Pattaya retiree Maxey’s £1,000 pension far short of the minimum monthly requirement. As a result, he maintains the equivalent of a £22,000 deposit to satisfy the bank savings rule when renewing his visa.

“That’s a lot of money to hold in a bank account that you can’t touch,” Maxey said, while adding he wants to stay on in Thailand despite the difficulties as he’s settled in the country.

Source: Bloomberg News