The property owner and contractor need to be aware of waterproofing codes for different locations before commencing wet basement repair Toronto.
Waterproofing can be done on a property with no flooded basement as a precautionary measure. External waterproofing will apply if the property owner decides to protect the structure.
A foundation that is not waterproofed is likely to collapse at some time. This explains why some houses appear to be standing at an angle; however, that was not their initial architectural style.
Different home types have different foundation walls determined by the home’s age. Below are four types of foundation walls encountered in wet basement repair Toronto and how to deal with the process.
1. Poured Concrete Walls
The poured concrete foundation walls are the most common for most properties, especially newly constructed structures. They are also featured in moderately older homes that are around fifty years maximum.
During the process of wet basement repair Toronto the poured concrete walls make it easy to incorporate fixes. The process is made easier because there are no mortar joints that you need to deal with the mortar joints.
The poured concrete foundation walls make it easy to identify and open the cracks. Hydraulic cement is used to repair or block the water leakages in the areas that have been identified.
The poured concrete foundation walls are the least likely to develop leakage issues in the basement when the structure settles after fresh construction.
Well-skilled contractors should be able to comfortably uncover the poured concrete foundation wall by digging down. Uncovering the wall is important for easily identifying the cracks resulting in the leakage.
The cracks are sealed using hydraulic cement to stop more water from penetrating through the cracks.
After filling the crack with hydraulic cement, the next thing is placing a reinforcement mesh over the membrane or any other waterproofing material used on the wall.
2. Cinder Block Foundation Walls
These types of walls are very common in old homes. The cinder block type of walls also features a rebar that is used as a reinforcement to the foundation walls.
Houses built with cinder block foundation walls are also subjectable to easily getting foundation cracks. This is the case since the mortar joints are usually not well sealed during the house shifting process.
The wet basement repair Toronto for these walls is done through waterproofing. The waterproofing process for the cinder block walls is almost similar to the one in concrete poured foundation walls.
The major difference between waterproofing concrete poured walls and cinder block walls is that there is extra attention to the step of parging mortar joints when it comes to the cinder block walls.
The first step would be the application of two hydro guard coats that are bonded with a reinforcement mesh layer. Eventually, a membrane layer is nailed to the top.
For any waterproofing solution, it is important to have the proper drainage system. If you have old clay pipes drainage tiles underneath the cinder block foundations walls, you need to have them replaced. If ignored, they may lead to clogging, resulting in the leaking issue’s recurrence.
3. Stone Foundation Walls
These types of foundation walls are not very common as they were found in homes as old as 100 years of age. Issues with mortar joints in the areas between the stones caused leakages in the basements with stone foundation walls.
The movements of the stones mostly caused the joint mortar issues as a result of the shifting of the earth beneath the foundation walls.
The contractors should be careful to correctly coat the rubber waterproofing material. The wall should be secured with a drainage membrane to prevent issues with the mortar joints of the stone walls.
A drainage tile should also be included for efficient diversion of water away from the property. Installing a drainage system is recommended to avoid future leakages.
4. ICF Foundations
The insulated concrete form foundations are common for new and modern homes. Wet basement repair Toronto is way easier for these walls due to improvements in technology.
In most cases, you will find that the ICF foundations are effectively waterproofed during the initial construction of the building.
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