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Jen’s English Tip’s – Pronunciation of the simple past -ed

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Pronunciation of the simple past -ed

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There are three ways to pronounce the final –ed of regular verbs in the simple past. This pronunciation is determined by the final sound of the verb: is it a voiced consonant, an unvoiced consonant, or a vowel sound. After unvoiced sounds such as p, f, s, k, and the final –ed is pronounced like t as in the word cat. Note that the –e remains silent. Click on the words to hear the sound files.

base formsimple past
helphelped
stuffstuffed
laughlaughed
missmissed
dicediced
fixfixed
looklooked
fishfished
marchmarched

After voiced sounds such as b, g, v, z, m, n,, l, and r the final –ed sound is pronounced like d as in good. Note that the –e remains silent.

base formsimple past
grabgrabbed
hughugged
savesaved
oozeoozed
pleasepleased
massagemassaged
rageraged
resumeresumed
signsigned
bangbanged
peelpeeled
breathebreathed
honorhonored

The final –ed is also pronounced like the d in good after all vowel sounds. Note that the –e again remains silent.

base formsimple past
staystayed
freefreed
lielied
hoehoed
suesued
skiskied
snowsnowed
trytried

For verbs ending in d and t the final –ed is pronounced Id as in the final two letters of the word did.

base formsimple past
addadded
gradegraded
decidedecided
exitexited
tastetasted
objectobjected

 

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