The following is a mini-tutorial on the use of the words “also,” “too” and “either.”
“Also” is used in positive sentences to add an agreeing thought.
• Jane speaks French. Sam also speaks French.
• I love chocolate. I also love pizza.
• Frank can come with us. Nancy can also come with us.
“Also” comes after “to be.”
• I am also Canadian.
• I was also there.
With verbs other than “to be,” “also” comes before single verb forms.
• I also sing.
• He helped us also.
In verb tenses with many parts, “also” comes after the first part and before the second.
• I have also been to Hong Kong.
• I am also studying economics.
Similarly, since modal verbs are usually followed by a second verb, “also” comes after modal verbs.
• I can also speak French.
• I should also be there.
“Too” is used in positive sentences to add an agreeing thought. It has the same meaning as “also,” but its placement within the sentence is different.
• Jane speaks French. Sam speaks French too.
• I love chocolate. I love pizza too.
• Frank can come with us. Nancy can come with us too.
“Too” usually comes at the end of a clause.
• I am Canadian too.
• I can speak French too.
• I am studying economics too.
• If he wants to go too, he should meet us at 8:00.
Although “too” is usually placed at the end of a clause, it can sometimes be used with commas after the subject of the sentence. This is usually only done in formal speech.
• Mr. Jones wanted the contract. Ms. Jackson, too, thought it was necessary.
• Donna is working on a solution to the problem. I, too, am trying to find a way to resolve the conflict.
“Either” is used in negative sentences to add an agreeing thought.
• Jane doesn’t speak French. Sam doesn’t speak French either.
• I don’t love chocolate. I don’t love pizza either.
• Frank cannot come with us. Nancy cannot come with us either.
“Either” usually comes at the end of a clause.
• I cannot speak French either.
• I am not studying economics either.
• I don’t want to eat either.
• I didn’t like the movie either.
Sometimes the first sentence is negative and the agreeing idea is positive.
• The weather wasn’t very appealing. I also wanted to stay home and finish my book. That’s why I didn’t go to the beach.
• The car wasn’t expensive, and I needed a way to get around town too. That’s why I bought it.
Sometimes the first sentence is positive and the agreeing idea is negative.
• Jane is too short. She is not a good athlete either. I don’t think she would make a good basketball player.
• He is lazy. He doesn’t study either. That’s why he doesn’t do well in school.
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