What is ultrasound during pregnancy?
There’s no denying to the fact that ultrasounds during pregnancy have promised to enhance maternal health worldwide. Through the help of ultrasounds, parents get a good understanding of the on-going progress in the womb. It is basically a test where high-frequency sound waves are used to develop the image of the baby and the reproductive organs of the mother as well. However, the number of ultrasounds conducted during the pregnancy vary.
Ultrasound is also known as sonogram and it is usually used to monitor the normal fetal health in order to avoid any complications. As the technological developments are on a rise, there are also options of 3-D or 4-D ultrasounds, these ultrasounds are capable of looking into the details of the fetal heart too.
One of the most significant reasons for having ultrasounds during pregnancy is to examine the health of the baby at every stage. Ultrasounds aid in determining if there is a need for extra tests for your baby too. Sometimes there are a lot of neglected issues that are diagnosed in the ultrasound by the health care worker. If there is trouble detected in an ultrasound, the doctor might advise you for more. An image is produced for the parents to see their baby in the womb as well. Another major reason is to determine the sex of the child in the later months of pregnancy. The best part of the whole process is that it’s safe for the child as well as the mother, but the quality should never be compromised. It is suggested to use an ultrasound machine by USC Ultrasound as it has a pivotal part to play. It’s obligatory to keep in mind that high tech imaging is produced with up to the mark radiology equipment too.
There are few precautions to keep in mind before going for the ultrasound during the pregnancy. It is advised to have a full bladder as it will help the doctor get a clearer image of the fetus and the reproductive organs. You should drink about two to three eight-ounce glasses of water an hour before going for the ultrasound. Try not to urine before the ultrasound as it can hamper the results. Apart from these guidelines, keep yourself mentally prepared as you’ll be able to have a picture of your baby.
The first thing to do in an ultrasound is to lay down on a bed and the technician will apply a special gel to your pelvic area and abdomen, as this gel is water based, there is nothing to stress, the clothes of the patient don’t get stinky. In the next step, the technician places a transducer on your belly. The transducer is moved by the technician to capture the image and here the gel helps the sound waves move much more-easily.The measurements of the image are taken on the screen by the technician When the required images are captured through the help of transducer and the gel, the procedure is complete. Once the gel is wiped off, you can empty your bladder.
As the advancements are made with every passing day in the medical field, more and more types of pregnancy ultrasound are coming into being. These are a few types of pregnancy ultrasounds;
- Transvaginal ultrasound
This type of ultrasound is used during the early stages of pregnancy as it aims to produce a much clearer image of the baby. Capturing the image in the early stages of pregnancy is surely a stiff task. In this procedure, a small probe is inserted into the vagina and this probe rests against the back of your vagina when the images are being captured.
- 3-D ultrasound
The width, height, and the depth of the fetus is analyzed with the help of 3-D ultrasound. Any problem in the development of a baby is prone to be diagnosed with this type of ultrasound.
- 4-D ultrasound
It is also known as a dynamic 3-D ultrasound as it produces a moving image of the fetus. If the parents are planning to see a much clear image of the baby’s face, 4-D ultrasound can surely work.
- Fetal echocardiography
It is a special kind of ultrasound which is conducted to examine if there are any congenital heart defects in the baby. This type of ultrasound might take longer to complete as it captures an in-depth image of the heart of the fetus. It is capable of showing the size, shape, and structure of the heart too.
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