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How to Prevent Arthritis Pain

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How to Prevent Arthritis Pain

 

Having arthritis affects your joints. Arthritis, which frequently affects the joints, has no known cure.

A person can, however, take precautions to reduce the chances that arthritis will develop or worsen as well as to decrease and manage pain.

These actions entail performing particular exercises, changing one’s diet, and making adjustments to daily routines.

What is arthritis?

A number of illnesses that have an impact on a person’s joints are collectively referred to as arthritis.

Where two bones meet, like in your elbow or knee, are joints. Conditions of Arthritis can cause swelling, pain, stiffness and decreased range of motion in your joints.

Some of its symptoms can range from mild to severe and may get worse over time. Although arthritis is usually incurable, a person’s risk may be decreased by modifying the risk factors under their control.

How to reduce your risk of arthritis?

Some factors, such as getting older, being a woman, or inheriting it from your family are far beyond your control. However, you can take precautions to lower your risk of developing arthritis or delay its occurrence. Following are some tips on how to age with healthy joints:

  • Maintain Weight: Weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees are strained by excess weight. For every pound you gain, the stress on your knees and hips increases by almost four pounds.
  • Maintain blood sugar control: Your joints’ supporting tissues may become stiffer and more sensitive to stress as a result of high blood sugar levels.
  • Exercise: Just 30 minutes of exercise five days a week is sufficient to build stronger knee and hip supporting muscles and maintain flexible joints.
  • Stretch yourself: Your motion range can be increased, and gentle stretching can keep your joints flexible. Every day, try to fit in short bursts of activity.
  • Prevent injuries: Compared to a joint that has never been injured, injured joints are more likely to develop arthritis. When playing sports, always wear protective equipment, and lift with your hips and knees rather than your back.
  • Give up smoking: Smoking strains the tissues that guard your joints, which can worsen arthritis pain.
  • Twice a week, eat fish: Consume fish high in omega-3s, such as mackerel, trout, and salmon. The extremely healthy omega-3 fatty acids may also reduce inflammation.
  • Make a routine: Your doctor might be able to make recommendations for lifestyle modifications that can lower your risk or halt the progression of arthritis.

Types of arthritis

More than 100 different types of arthritis exist. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are the two most popular types.

1. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most widespread type also known as “wear and tear.”. It frequently results from aging, but trauma or being overweight can also cause it.

It takes place when the tissue that protects your joints deteriorates, resulting in discomfort and stiffness.

Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in your body, but it most frequently affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

Based on which joints are affected the signs can differ. Often, they get worse with time. If you notice any of the following osteoarthritis symptoms, consult your doctor:

  • joint pain that is severe
  • difficulty holding objects, bending over, or climbing stairs
  • only a small range of motion
  • Morning stiffness that gets better with exercise
  • stiffness following rest
  • Swollen joints

2. Rheumatoid arthritis

Inflammation of the joints is a symptom of this autoimmune condition.

If you don’t treat the inflammation, it could seriously harm your joints. Rheumatoid arthritis typically impacts multiple joints and has the potential to spread to the heart, lungs, and eyes.

Patients with this arthritis occasionally develop lumps over the joints, frequently on the knuckles, elbows, and heels.

And according to doctors, Rheumatoid arthritis has unknown exact causes. Some theories say that it takes place when a virus or bacteria tricks the immune system into attacking joints.

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Signs may appear suddenly or gradually develop. They frequently have worse symptoms than osteoarthritis. It’s absolutely essential to see a doctor if you experience:

  • Swelling, stiffness, or discomfort in several joints
  • Over time, more of your joints could experience swelling and pain.
  • Walk, work, or carry out routine activities
  • Fatigue and losing weight

Treatments for arthritis

As soon as symptoms of arthritis start to appear, consult a doctor. Your doctor can recommend treatments that can slow the progression of arthritis.

The more time you take to get treatment, the more damage arthritis may do to your joints. Treatments for arthritis include:

  • Drugs that lessen inflammation and pain: These may include prescription medications from your doctor or over-the-counter medications like aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen.
  • Immune system suppressing medications: These can be ingested or injected directly into the injured joint. There are some pills to help with arthritis pain.
  • Use of creams and ointments: These treatments, which are frequently available over-the-counter, are applied to the skin to relieve joint pain.
  • Physical treatment: Physical therapy occasionally can help muscles become stronger and range of motion become better.
  • Surgery: It might be necessary to replace or repair joints that have been severely damaged by arthritis. Hips and knees are the joints that need replacement the most.

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