As surging covid-19 infections threaten to derail Thailand plans to reopen to tourism the government has ordered more vaccines. The Thai government plans to boost its covid-19 vaccine orders by more than 50% to 100 million doses this year in a bid to reach herd immunity.
Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-Ocha said his government plans to buy 35 million more covid-19 vaccine doses from two or three manufacturers with a target to administer them all by the end of 2021. With the National Vaccine Institute is in talks with Pfizer Inc. for as many as 10 million doses.
Thailand’s scaling up of covid-19 vaccination efforts comes as Moody’s Investors Service cautioned that a new wave of Covid-19 cases threatens to further derail Thailand’s economy. An economy that heavily relies on tourism for about a fifth of gross domestic product.
Infections from the UK variant of covid-19 have surged more than 60% so far this month. This has prompted at least two resent GDP downgrades. Above all because a fewer than 1% of Thais have received at least one of two vaccine doses.
“The vaccine rollout has been way too slow,” Kanit Sangsubhan, secretary general of the Eastern Economic Corridor Office said in an interview with Bloomberg News.
Thailand has so far relied on Sinovac vaccine shots for its priority sector workers and people at least 60 years. However Sinovac’s effectiveness has been called into question in resent weeks. The Prayut government has also ordered 61 million doses of AstraZeneca jabs to be locally manufactured by Siam Bioscience that will be delivered from June. The AstraZeneca vaccine has also been called into question and its use has been halted in many countries due to blood clotting from the vaccine.
Faster Rollout of vaccines
With a resurgence, the focus should be to administer vaccines as fast as possible in order to reopen for tourists and foreign investors, said Kanit, who’s also a member of Bank of Thailand’s Monetary Policy Committee. “If we can’t contain the outbreak situation and can’t reach herd immunity, no one will come here.”
Thailand has announced plans to reopen Phuket from July by waiving quarantine for vaccinated foreign tourists heading there. It’s using the resort island as a testing ground before expanding similar easing measures to other destinations such as Koh Samui.
Phuket is on track to inoculate 70% of its adult population before July and the current outbreak is unlikely to delay the planned reopening, Bhummikitti Ruktaengam, president of the Phuket Tourist Association, said on Wednesday. The island will vaccinate 47% of its population by the end of May, similar to the current level in the Maldives, he said.
Thailand’s central bank has said its 3% growth forecast for this year faces downward risks if its target of 3 million tourists isn’t reached. The nation’s tourism industry generated more than $60 billion in revenue from about 40 million foreign visitors in 2019.
“The outbreak situation and vaccine rollout are two separate issues, and as long as we can reach the herd-immunity target, we can reopen,” said Bhummikitti, whose association represents about 300 members including luxury resort and five-star hotel operators in Phuket. “This is an unstoppable plan.”