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How To Do Keyword Research For SEO?



How to Do Keyword Research

How To Do Keyword Research For SEO – Keyword research is finding and analyzing the words and phrases users type into search engines when looking for information, products, or services related to your niche.

Keyword research helps you understand what your target audience is searching for, how popular and competitive those terms are, and how to optimize your content and website to rank higher.

  • Keyword research is an essential part of any SEO strategy, as it helps you to:
  • Identify the topics and themes that your audience is interested in and create relevant content that matches their intent and expectations.
  • Discover the gaps and opportunities in your niche and find low-competition keywords that you can rank for easily.
  • Analyze the performance of your competitors and learn from their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Measure the effectiveness of your SEO efforts and track your progress and results over time.

How To Do Keyword Research In 5 steps:

1. Define Your Goals And Objectives

Before you start researching keywords, you need a clear idea of what you want to achieve with your website and content.

  • What is the purpose of your website?
  • Who is your target audience?
  • What are their needs, problems, and desires?
  • What are the main topics and categories that you want to cover on your website?
  • How do you want to differentiate yourself from your competitors?

A clear vision of your goals and objectives will help you focus your keyword research and find the most relevant and effective keywords for your niche.

2. Brainstorm A List Of Seed Keywords

Seed keywords are the core terms that describe your niche, products, or services. They are the starting point of your keyword research, as they help you generate more specific and long-tail keywords later.

To brainstorm a list of seed keywords, you can use different sources, such as:

  • Your own knowledge and expertise about your niche.
  • Your existing website content and analytics data.
  • Your competitors’ websites and content.
  • Online tools and platforms, such as Google Trends, Wikipedia, Quora, Reddit, etc.
  • Your customers’ feedback, reviews, surveys, etc.

Try to come up with as many seed keywords as possible, but don’t worry about filtering or sorting them at this stage. Just write them down in a spreadsheet or a document for future reference.

3. Use Keyword Research Tools To Expand Your List

Keyword research tools are online applications that help you find more keywords related to your seed keywords and provide useful data and metrics about them, such as search volume, difficulty, competition, trends, etc. Some of the most popular keyword research tools are:

  • Google Keyword Planner: A free tool from Google that allows you to find keywords based on your seed keywords or a website URL, as well as see their monthly search volume, competition level, and suggested bids for Google Ads.
  • SEMrush: A paid tool that offers a comprehensive suite of features for keyword research, such as keyword overview, keyword magic tool, keyword gap analysis, keyword difficulty tool, organic traffic insights, etc.
  • Ahrefs: A paid tool that provides similar features as SEMrush, but with a different interface and data sources.
  • Ahrefs also has a unique feature called keyword explorer that allows you to see each keyword’s click-through rate (CTR) and return rate (RR).
  • Moz: A paid tool that offers a simple and user-friendly interface for keyword research, as well as other SEO features such as domain analysis, site audit, rank tracking, etc.

To use these tools effectively, you need to enter your seed keywords into their search boxes and explore the results they provide.

You can also use filters and modifiers to narrow down your results and find more specific and relevant keywords.

For example, you can filter by location, language, device type, search intent (informational, navigational, transactional), etc.

You can also use modifiers such as “how to”, “best”, “reviews”, “comparison”, etc. to find long-tail keywords that have lower competition and higher conversion rates.

As you use these tools, you should add the keywords that match your goals and objectives to your list and keep track of their data and metrics in a spreadsheet or a document for future analysis and evaluation.

4. Analyze And Prioritize Your Keywords Based On Their Data And Metrics

Once you have a large list of keywords, you need to analyze them based on their data and metrics such as:

  • Search volume: The average number of times a keyword is searched for per month. This indicates how popular and in demand a topic is among your target audience.
  • Keyword difficulty: The level of competition for ranking for a keyword on the search engine results pages (SERPs). This depends on factors such as the number and quality of competing pages, domain authority, backlinks, etc.
  • Relevance: The degree of match between a keyword and your content, products, services, or goals. This affects how likely a user is to click on your page and convert after searching for that keyword.
  • Intent: The underlying goal or purpose of a user’s search query. This can be informational (seeking knowledge), navigational (seeking a specific website), transactional (seeking to buy something), or commercial (seeking to compare options before buying).

By analyzing these data and metrics, you can prioritize your keywords based on their potential value and impact for your business.

You can use tools such as Google Keyword Planner, Moz Keyword Explorer, or SEMrush Keyword Magic Tool to get these data and metrics for your keywords.

You can also use a keyword matrix to organize and compare your keywords based on these criteria.

A keyword matrix is a table that shows the relationship between different keywords and their data and metrics. For example, you can create a keyword matrix like this:

| Keyword | Search Volume | Keyword Difficulty | Relevance | Intent |


| best coffee maker | 49,500 | 67 | High | Commercial |

| how to make coffee | 135,000 | 41 | Medium | Informational |

| coffee maker reviews | 27,100 | 72 | High | Commercial |

| buy coffee maker online | 1,900 | 59 | High | Transactional |

| coffee maker manual | 5,400 | 23 | Low | Navigational |

Using this matrix, you can see which keywords have high search volume, low keyword difficulty, high relevance, and high intent.

These are the keywords that you should focus on optimizing your content for. You can also see which keywords have low search volume, high keyword difficulty, low relevance, or low intent.

These are the keywords that you should avoid or deprioritize.

By analyzing and prioritizing your keywords based on their data and metrics, you can create a more effective and efficient keyword strategy to help you rank higher on the SERPs and drive more traffic and conversions to your website.

5. Study The Competition

Another way to find and evaluate keywords is to look at your competitors’ actions.

You can use tools like MozBar or Ahrefs SEO Toolbar to analyze the websites or blogs that rank for the keywords you are interested in.

You can see how they optimize their content, what keywords they use in their titles, headings, meta descriptions, etc., and how they structure their pages.

You can also look at their backlinks, social media presence, and user engagement. You can use this information to identify gaps and opportunities in your niche and create better content than your competitors.


Keyword research is a critical step in developing an effective SEO strategy.

Following the steps outlined in this article, you can identify the most relevant and high-traffic keywords for your business and target them in your content.

Remember to focus on quality over quantity, and prioritize relevance and user intent when selecting your keywords.


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Alishba Waris is an independent journalist working for CTN News. She brings a wealth of experience and a keen eye for detail to her reporting. With a knack for uncovering the truth, Waris isn't afraid to ask tough questions and hold those in power accountable. Her writing is clear, concise, and cuts through the noise, delivering the facts readers need to stay informed. Waris's dedication to ethical journalism shines through in her hard-hitting yet fair coverage of important issues.

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