Jen’s English Tips – Uses of Anomalous Finites
Uses of Anomalous Finites
To emphasize an affirmative statement the anomalous finites do, does and did can be placed before the verb to show emphasis.
Note that after do, does and did, we use a verb in its present tense form.
I do want you to come. (More emphatic than I want you to come.)
I did invite them. (More emphatic than I invited them.)
She did accept the invitation. (More emphatic than She accepted the invitation.)Notes on the anomalous finites Is, Am, Are, Was, Were These verbs are usually anomalous and their negatives are formed by the simple addition of not or ďnítĒ.She isnít very intelligent.
You arenít hard working.
They werenít expected to come.
She wasnít anxious about it.Interrogatives are formed by the simple inversion of subject and verb without the use of do.
Isnít she very intelligent?
Wasnít she anxious about it?Has, have and had: These are anomalous when used as auxiliaries to form the present perfect and past perfect tenses.
I have seen him. Have I seen him? I havenít seen him.
I had told him. Had I told him? I hadnít told him.
They have disappeared. Have they disappeared? They havenít disappeared.Has, have and had can be used as anomalous when used as a principal verb expressing the idea of possession.
She has a car. Has she a car? She hasnít a car.
I have a watch. Have I a watch? No, I havenít a watch.
She has long hair. Has she long hair? No, she hasnít long hair.Note that the questions ĎHas she a car?í, ĎHave I a watch?í, etc., are uncommon in American English. Instead, Americans use a structure with got.
I have got a watch. Have I got a watch? No, I havenít got a watch.Questions and negatives made with do/does/did are also common.
Do I have a watch? (More common than Have I a watch?)
No, I donít have a watch. (More common than I havenít a watch.)Note that has, have and had arenít anomalous when they express other ideas. In this case questions and negatives are formed with do and did.
I had experienced) an accident.
Did I have an accident? (NOT Had I an accident?)I didnít have an accident. (NOT I hadnít an accident.)
I have a bath in the morning.
Do I have a bath in the morning?
I donít have a bath in the morning.
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